JOURNAL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

Journal Volume 14 (2023) Issue 2 - Publishing date: 12/2023

Telemedicine Cybersecurity Protection in Reproductive Healthcare

Jorja WRIGHT, Darrell Norman BURRELL


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Abstract:
Telemedicine and telehealth have emerged as transformative forces in modern healthcare, reshaping the landscape of reproductive health for both women and men. These technologies have ushered in a new era of healthcare delivery, offering innovative solutions that enhance access, convenience, and quality of care in reproductive health. This article explores the profound impact of telehealth and telemedicine on reproductive healthcare and underscores the critical importance of cybersecurity in safeguarding the integrity of these services.

Keywords:

Healthcare cybersecurity, telehealth cybersecurity, mobile health, telemedicine, health administration, healthcare management.

The Challenges of Small, Medium and Micro Enterprises in Engineering: South Africa

Xolani Gladman MTAMBO, Sam LUBBE, Kenneth N. OHEI


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Abstract:
The small, medium and micro enterprise sector is an economic engine for many countries. Realizing the potential of small, medium, and micro enterprises, the government of the Republic of South Africa has put a burden on itself to create 90% of jobs through small, medium, and micro enterprises through the implementation of the 2030 National Development Plan. Despite these initiatives, the failure rate of these enterprises in South Africa is still high and continues to increase. This research aims to investigate the challenges of small, medium and micro enterprises that operate in the formal economy, with the focus narrowed down to small, medium and micro enterprises that provide engineering services to engineering-intensive firms in the public and private sectors in South Africa. The target is a sample of member companies of Consulting Engineers South Africa, as well as random engineering service firms that render similar services. In general, engineering services’ small, medium and micro enterprises mainly depend on owners' limited capital, which limits growth initiatives. Moreover, the absence of adequate resources, business facilities and specialised equipment puts small, medium and micro enterprises at a competitive disadvantage and, therefore, causes stagnation. Government's initiatives are not well publicised and, therefore, small, medium and micro enterprises are not well informed to capitalise on such initiatives.

Keywords:

Engineering; failure; Small, medium and micro enterprises; stagnation; strategy; SWOT analysis.

Investment Decision-Making Behavior in The Era of Covid-19 Pandemic: an Analysis Based on Mental Accounting, Loss Aversion Bias, and Risk Tolerance

Rari Dwi Rinining Tyastuty DITA, Toni HERYANA, Teguh Iman BASUKI


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Abstract:
The era of Covid-19 is a condition that illustrates the uncertainty of national and world economic conditions, which encourages individuals to be able to manage their economy and finances. Therefore, this research aims to explain whether mental accounting, loss aversion bias, as well as risk tolerance can affect investment decision-making in the Covid-19 situation from the point of view of behavioral finance theory. The results of research using SEM PLS analysis show that Mental Accounting, Loss Aversion Bias, as well as Risk Tolerance, have an effect on investment decision-making. Based on behavioral finance theory, the results of the study illustrate that in the Covid 19 pandemic situation, individuals will generally respond to information received as a basis for making decisions by paying attention to the level of risk and optimizing the rate of return from the investment made.

Keywords:

Mental Accounting, Loss Aversion Bias, Risk Tolerance

Green transition and the business sector in the European Union and Romania

Marioara IORDAN, Mihaela-Nona CHILIAN, Gabriela CIURARIU


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Abstract:
Increasingly obvious over the last two decades, human society and the economies of all the countries in the world faced and continue to face increasingly accelerated, amplified, diverse and divergent economic, social, political and technological trends and developments, among which three so-called megatrends stand out for intensity and persistence: digitization and automation of production, greening of economies and global economic power shifts. Considering such issues, the paper focuses on a brief analysis of how the green transition affects the business sector (enterprises) in the EU countries, with a focus on Romania - an EU member state that registers a relatively low level of penetration of the circular economy. Indicators of the green economy and eco-innovation and referring to the economic dimension of the circular economy, were used for the analysis. The results show that the EU27 economies generally are leaders in most of the aspects concerning the greening of economies and their business sectors, but Romania reveal certain relative delays of the local business sector in moving towards production and business development methods characteristic of the ecological economy.

Keywords:

green economy, business sector, eco-innovation, circular economy, EU27 countries

A Differential Effect of Research Teaching Innovation on Dissertation Completion Rate and Pass Mark at TGSL

Collins C. NGWAKWE, Janine LEWIS


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Abstract:
This research examines the differential effect of research-writing teaching innovation on proposal and dissertation completion rates at the Turfloop Graduate School of Leadership (TGSL). The method combined a review with a longitudinal quantitative secondary data design. The data on proposal and dissertation completion rates were compared using a t-test statistics. Findings show that at an alpha level of 0.05, a significant difference (at P<0.05) exists in the proposal and dissertation completion rates between the pre-innovation teaching period and within the innovation teaching period – with improved completion rate occurring during the teaching innovation period. Results also depict a mean difference in research methodology pass marks (albeit insignificance). Based on the findings, the paper contributes by developing an agency-based inclusive framework for teaching dissertation research writing. This framework provides an agenda for further research on teacher and student agency, and hence inclusive teaching of academic writing.

Keywords:

Teaching innovation; teaching agency; academic writing; teaching research writing; dissertation writing; inclusive teaching; teaching and learning

Corporate sustainability through the presence of women in boards: empirical evidence from developing economy

Dilrukshi FERNANDO, Hiranya DISSANAYAKE, Thilini DESHIKA, Anuradha IDDAGODA


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Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to address the emerging concept of women on boards as a solution to breaking gender barriers in boardrooms and its influence on sustainability reporting in Sri Lankan companies. The study aims to explore the relationship between the representation of women on boards and sustainability reporting, while also investigating the potential role of gender diversity in promoting sustainability in social, economic, and environmental spheres. The research adopts a comparative approach to examine the degree of women on boards and the level of sustainability reporting in Sri Lanka. The study utilizes the resource dependency theory, contingency theory, and agency theory as theoretical frameworks to analyze the association between women directors on boards and sustainability performance. Archival data from the highest market capitalization companies during the period of 2016 to 2019 is collected from audited annual financial statements. The study reveals a significant positive relationship between the presence of women on boards and sustainability reporting in Sri Lanka. It addresses the empirical and contextual gaps in this area, providing valuable insights into the positive impact of gender diversity on corporate sustainability practices in the Sri Lankan context. The research emphasizes the pragmatic solution of including women's voices in the boardroom to foster gender diversity and create an interest in sustainability, which is an emerging trend in the country. Overall, this study adds valuable knowledge to the fields of corporate governance, gender diversity, and sustainability reporting.

Keywords:

Women in Boards, Corporate Sustainability Reporting, Critical Mass Concept

The Role of Digital Finance, Financial Literacy, and Lifestyle on Financial Behaviour

Mirza Hedismarlina YUNELINE, Maria Firnandya Christian ROSANTI


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Abstract:
The development of technology and information provides convenience and many choices in making financial decisions. Many new and diverse financial products require people to have a better understanding of the process of using them. This is supported by financial literacy and an understanding of managing finances to avoid bad financial decisions. Technology adoption also leads to a rigorous lifestyle that makes them use digital services as a quick and useful tool for their activities. This study aims to examine the role of digital finance, financial literacy, and lifestyle on student’s financial behavior. This study used descriptive and verification method with a quantitative approach. The primary data was collected through questionnaires from student respondents in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The results of this study indicate that partially the use of digital finance has a insignificant effect on financial behaviour, but financial literacy and lifestyle has a positive significant effect on financial behaviour. Simultaneously digital finance, financial literacy, and lifestyle have a significant effect on students' financial behavior. The study showed that the use of digital finance is only for transaction benefit not for behavioral change. It is expected to create awareness of their investment products and develop their application into more secure products in changing financial behavior.

Keywords:

Digital Finance; Financial Literacy; Lifestyle; Financial Behavior

Using ICT Tools and Technological Applications in this Era of the Covid-19 Pandemic to Facilitate Learning

Kenneth N. OHEI


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Abstract:
The globe is shaken by the abrupt emergence of the deadly Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The global education system has been put to the test by this circumstance, which compelled educators to quickly adopt Information & Communication Technology (ICT) tools and technologies to support instruction. Although, great attempts are made by scholars to study the implications of Coronavirus Disease 2019 on the higher education curricular, there is dearth of previous studies regarding the impact of Information & Communication Technology tools and technological applications to foster learning amid Coronavirus Disease 2019 outbreak. This exploratory study therefore uses a meta-synthesis approach and visited relevant literatures as lens to primarily examine the need to use Information & Communication Technology tools and technology applications to enhance learning in the Coronavirus Disease 2019 age. The research also shed some insight on the difficulties involved with employing Information & Communication Technology tools and technical applications to aid learning in times of pandemic and catastrophes, and it offers potential answers to educational institutions on how to handle these complications. The study's findings suggest that Information & Communication Technology tools and technologies are the magic bullet for optimizing learning in times of disaster like the Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic. The study also shows that by overcoming some technical and financial obstacles like high cost of technology devices, electricity problems, lack of expertise, etc., the lessons learnt from the abrupt and compulsory adoption of Information & Communication Technology tools and technologies to lessen the negative effects of the disaster on learning amid Coronavirus Disease 2019 global emergency will help create new opportunities for the use of blended learning approaches to meet the needs of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 disruption and future learning deliveries.

Keywords:

Engineering; failure; Small, medium and micro enterprises; stagnation; strategy; SWOT analysis.

Multiple Streams Approach and Punctuated Equilibrium Theory: Compared and Contrasted

Dominick SPANO


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Abstract:
Kingdon's Multiple Streams Approach (MSA) and Jones and Baumgartner's Punctuated Equilibrium Theory (PET) are public policy frameworks that have existed for many years. Given their long-term popularity, it is important for readers to have a strong working knowledge on how said frameworks function, and be able to compare and contrast them. It has also been put forth that PET only serves as an updated version of MSA, but this paper argues that said assertion is inaccurate, as PET is a useful framework in its own right. By inspecting this paper, readers will learn about MSA, PET, how they are similar and different, how they can be operationalized or used in real life circumstances, how they have been tested, and it is ultimately concluded that PET is not just a reworking of MSA.

Keywords:

Public Policy, Multiple Streams Approach, Punctuate Equilibrium Theory, Institutional Arrangements, Operationalized